This clinic advises, provides information, and gives medical care to women and men needing to plan their sexual & family life. Qualified personnel offer guidance on the use of different contraceptive methods (non-hormonal, hormonal, combined, and permanent). The patient will find the most suitable method, tracking, and monitoring thereof. Also, Pap is available.

Modern Family Planning Methods

NATURAL METHODS

Basal Body Temperature Method

Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is the temperature of the body at rest and when just waking up in the morning. It is taken sublingually, vaginally, or rectally every day for five minutes. During ovulation, there will be an increase of nearly one degree. The data is easy to interpret, but the elevation of BBT may be caused by external circumstances. Its effectiveness is between 85-99.7% under normal conditions.

Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM)

This method is for women who want to space their pregnancies naturally after childbirth. Hence, it is important to meet these conditions: No menstruation after childbirth and breastfeeding only whenever the baby (less than six months-old) wants to nurse.

Advantages and Benefits:

  1.  Breastfeeding reaffirms mother-child bond
  2. . Breast milk provides optimal nutritional requirements for growth and development of children
  3.  Passive immunization protecting the child from infectious diseases

For mother

  1.  Shorten, less profuse postpartum bleeding reducing the risk of puerperal infection
  2. It protects the mother against breast, ovarian, endometrial cancer.

Standard Days Method or CycleBeads ®

This method guides couples through a necklace of colored beads identifying a fertile window for women. Who can use this method?

  • Women who are menstruating every 26-32 days
  • Couples who agree to use condoms or avoid sex on the days when the woman can get

pregnant

This method will not work if you do not follow the requirements or do not use CycleBeads ® correctly.

Advantages and Benefits:

  1. The couple does not need contraceptive products (except the collar) or clinical procedures
  2. No health risks for the couple
  3. It promotes male involvement in contraception
  4. It helps women become familiar with their fertility cycle to monitor it overtime

Billings Ovulation Method

It is based on the observation of cervical mucus changes. Amount, elasticity, and viscosity of mucus increase during fertile days, becoming more transparent. These properties are lost during fertile days, showing a cloudy, whitish, and less abundant flow. The mucus may have some alterations when there is any infection or sexually transmitted disease. The effectiveness is between 75-98.5% if you interpret the data correctly.

TEMPORARY METHODS

Injections

This method can be used by women who want a temporary method before their first pregnancy; want to space births of their children; or are in the process of deciding on a permanent method.

Observations:

  1.  Temporary method lasting from one to three months
  2. The first time can be administered when the woman has her period or at any time as long as she demonstrates she is not pregnant
  3. It can be administered six weeks after delivery
  4. Women breastfeeding can use the three-month injection
  5. Some women do not see their menstruation
  6. Occasionally, women may feel a headache, nausea, or dizziness
  7. It does not protect against STDs

Advantages and Benefits:

  1.  Few side effects
  2. Amount and duration of pain decreases during menstruation
  3. Protection against ovarian and endometrial cancer
  4. Reduction of benign breast disease
  5. Anemia can improve

Male Condom

It is resistant, latex sheath used by men to cover the penis during vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse. Semen stays inside the condom and not the vagina, preventing pregnancy.

Observations:

  1.  Always use a new condom every time you have sex
  2.  It helps protect the individual and the couple against STDs
  3.  Cheap, accessible method
  4.  Do not use an expired condom or one with damaged packaging

Advantages and Benefits:

  1.  It can be used after delivery
  2.  It can be used by men of any age
  3.  It helps reduce premature ejaculation
  4.  It promotes male involvement in contraception
  5.  The correct, consistent use of condoms can reduce the risk of STDs, including HIV or AIDS causing-virus, and unintended pregnancies

Copper- T

It is T-shaped plastic core wrapped in a copper wire. A doctor must insert it inside the cervix. It protects up to 10 years. It can be used by women who want a temporary method before their first pregnancy; want to space births of their children; or are in the process of deciding on a permanent method.

Observations:

  1.  It can be inserted when the woman has her period or at any time as long as she demonstrates she is not pregnant
  2.  Occasionally, menstrual bleeding, abdominal pain, and cramps may increase
  3.  It does not protect against STDs
  4.  Consult a doctor if there is presence of white or yellow discharge, odor, severe stomach pain, fever or chills, or the Copper-T comes out

Advantages and Benefits:

  1.  Long-term method
  2.  No interference with sexual intercourse
  3.  Breastfeeding not affected
  4.  Immediate return of fertility upon removal
  5.  Few side effects

Jadelle

It is effective for up to five years of continuous use. It involves the insertion of two flexible, silicone implants containing levonorgestrel (synthetic hormone). A doctor inserts them beneath the skin inside of the upper less-predominant arm. If the patient is right-handed, usually the left arm is used, and vice versa.

Observations:

  1.  It can be inserted when the woman has her period or at any time as long as she demonstrates she is not pregnant
  2. Some women do not see their menstruation or their period may be irregular
  3. Occasionally, women may feel a headache, nausea, or dizziness
  4. It does not protect against STDs

Advantages and Benefits:

  1. Long-term duration (up to five year)
  2. Few side effects
  3. Menstrual flow and cramps may decrease
  4. Reduction of benign breast disease
  5. Protection against pelvic inflammatory diseases

Oral Contraceptive

It is a pill women take daily to prevent pregnancy. The packaging is a blisters or envelope containing 21 or 28 tablets. This method can be used by women who want a temporary method before their first pregnancy; want to space births of their children; or are in the process of deciding on a permanent method.

Observations:

  1. Take a pill every day without fail
  2. Preferably, the tablet should be taken at the same time, everyday
  3. Occasionally, women may feel a headache, nausea, or dizziness
  4. It does not protect against STDs

Advantages and Benefits:

  1. Few side effects
  2. Less profuse, painful periods regulating menstrual cycles
  3. Anemia can improve
  4. Protection against cyst, ovarian, endometrial cancer
  5. Reduction of benign breast disease

 

DEFINITIVE METHODS


Laparoscopy

It is a surgical, female, voluntary, permanent contraceptive method for patients who are certain about not having more children. It is a simple procedure: Local anesthetic is applied under the navel for a small incision. A laparoscope is introduced to conduct tubal ligation that will prevent the passage of the ovum to the uterus.

Important Observations:

  1. The operation is not reversible. The patient will have no more children
  2.  After the procedure, the patient still sees her monthly period
  3.  Consult a doctor immediately if you experience postoperative fever, bleeding, pus around the incision, severe pain, or swelling

Advantages and Benefits:

  1. Sexual pleasure is increased because there are no worries of pregnancy
  2. Simple surgery usually performed under local anesthesia with no hospitalization required
  3. No long-term side effects
  4. No changes in sexual functions – Ovary hormone production not affected

Vasectomy

It is a surgical, male, voluntary, permanent contraceptive method for patients who are certain about not having more children. It is a simple procedure: Local anesthesia is applied. The vasa deferentia are cut preventing the passage of sperm to the penis.

Important Observations:

  1. The operation does not affect sexual intercourse. The patient can restart sexual relations as soon as he feels better
  2. The operation is not reversible. The patient will have no more children
  3. After surgery, the patients should wear a condom for at least 20 consecutive sexual relations or his partner should use another contraceptive method
  4. It does not protect against STDs
  5. Consult a doctor immediately if you experience postoperative fever, bleeding, pus around the incision, severe pain, or swelling

Advantages and Benefits:

  1. Permanent method
  2. Low-risk surgical operation and less expensive than procedure for women
  3. Simple surgery usually performed under local anesthesia with no hospitalization required
  4. No long-term side effects
  5. No changes in sexual functions – Testicle hormone production not affected

 

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION (EC)

What is it?

These are hormonal birth control pills taken after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy.

Indications

  • Relaciones sexuales desprotegidas.
  • Ruptura del condón.
  • Uso no correcto del método.

How to take Oral Contraceptive (OC) Pills?

Two doses are recommended. Take the first dose as soon as possible but no later than 72 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse. Take the second dose 12 hours after the first dose.

Dosage:

Four Lo-Femenal or Microgynon tablets every 12 hours (eight tablets total)

Does it work?

It seems to prevent three out of four pregnancies that would otherwise occur. It is less effective than most other family planning methods. Do not use this option as a regular method.

How does it work?

It mainly prevents ovum release. It does interrupt existing pregnancy interrupts. Hence, it is not an abortifacient.

Side Effects

  • Nausea – Do not eat after taking the pills
  • Vomiting – If you vomit within two hours after taking the pills, repeat the dose
  •  If you do not have any of the above symptoms, you not take more than the recommended dose. It does not increase its effectiveness of the method and may increase nausea.